Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic skin disorder that causes dry, itching, and inflamed skin. The rash of atopic dermatitis comes and goes.
The termÂ eczema is sometimes used to describe atopic dermatitis. Eczema refers to inflamed, itching skin from a variety of causes.Â Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema.
Atopic dermatitis is very common, affecting 10-15% of people. The severe itching and irritation during flare-ups can be extremely bothersome. The resulting scratching can result in raw skin and skin infections.
Fortunately, most cases of atopic dermatitis respond well to treatment.
What are the symptoms of atopic dermatitis?
The most obvious symptoms of atopic dermatitis are intense itching, along with red, dry skin that is sometimes scaly.
The worsening of atopic dermatitis symptoms is referred to as a "flare". An atopic dermatitis flare can be triggered by a variety of factors (see below).
The appearance of atopic dermatitis varies tremendously from person to person. Most people with atopic dermatitis experience a short-term flare for a few weeks (acute), during which the skin looks red, raised, and cracked.
Between flares, the skin may appear normal or slightly dry. If the rash lasts a long time (chronic), the skin may start to change appearance, becoming thicker and darker. These patches of thickened skin take longer to respond to treatment.
The appearance of atopic dermatitis also tends to vary depending on the age of the person.
Atopic Dermatitis in Infants
Children less than one year old often have atopic dermatitis widely distributed over their body. The skin is usually dry, scaly, and red. The baby may scratch the skin, leading to scratch marks.Â The cheeks of infants are often the first place to be affected.
The diaper area is frequently spared because the moisture retained by the diapers prevents the skin from drying.
Atopic Dermatitis in Toddlers
As children reach 2 to 3 years old,Â atopic dermatitis becomes more localized to areas such as the outer part of the joint, including the front of the knees, outside elbows, and top of the wrists.Â Older children are also more capable of a vigorous scratch, creating very red and inflamed are
Atopic Dermatitis in AdultsÂ
Adults with atopic dermatitis tend to have the rash localized to specific areas, particularly the hands, feet, eyelids, back of the knees, and insides of the elbows. However, the skin elsewhere on the body may feel dry and prone to itching.
Atopic dermatitis that starts in infancy often improves by the time the child is 5 years old and usually resolves by the teenage years. However, many people endure atopic dermatitis and need to manage it throughout their lives.
What causes atopic dermatitis?
The exact cause of atopic dermatitis is unknown, but the tendency to develop atopic dermatitis runs in families. People with atopic dermatitis are more likely to suffer allergies and/or symptoms of asthma. The connection between these disorders appears to be an overactive immune system.
T-cells, a type of white blood cell that fights infections, appear to be more active in people with atopic dermatitis. Changes beneath the skin make the skin of people with atopic dermatitis more susceptible to losing water quickly, leading to dry, cracked skin.
Although the immune system is overactive in people with atopic dermatitis, it is not always effective at fighting infections. In fact, people with atopic dermatitis are more susceptible to skin infections, such as impetigo.
What are the treatment options for atopic dermatitis?
The goals of atopic dermatitis treatment are to heal the skin, prevent new flare-ups, and reduce the urge to scratch, which can further irritate and prolong symptoms.
Atopic dermatitis treatment may last for many months, and treatments often need to be repeated.
There are several treatment options available.Â A treatment plan will be recommended based on several variables, including:
It is generally recommended that all people with atopic dermatitis do their best to avoid known triggers and apply a moisturizer regularly.
Additional treatment options include:
What triggers atopic dermatitis?
Not everyone with atopic dermatitis will have the same triggers, so people with the disorder will have to keep track of their particular sensitivities. Because identifying triggers can be tricky (for example, sometimes there is a delay between eating a certain food and seeing a resulting flare-up), its a good idea to keep a journal of any atopic dermatitis symptoms and possible causes.Â
Some commonly reported atopic dermatitis triggers include:
Atopic Dermatitis and Moisturizers
One of the most important self-care steps for treating and managing atopic dermatitis (eczema) is to use a moisturizer.
Moisturizers provide a layer of protection from irritants, trap moisture in the skin, help restore the skin barrier, and improve the skin s appearance. Regular use of a moisturizer may reduce the need for other medicines.
Moisturizers are best applied at least twice a day within 3 minutes after a bath, shower, or swim.
When choosing a moisturizer, look for a hypoallergenic and ointment-based product. Thicker moisturizers will protect the skin longer than lighter lotions. Avoid moisturizers containing alcohol, fragrances, or other chemicals that can irritate the skin. Even seemingly harmless substances like glycerin can dry the skin of people with atopic dermatitis (eczema).
Possible moisturizers include:
Before applying the moisturizer, use tepid water and a gentle cleanser to remove dead skin cells. Do not scrub or rub excessively. Apply the moisturizer immediately afterward while the skin is still damp.
Remember to use plenty of moisturizer to keep atopic dermatitis (eczema) under control, especially in children.Â Keeping a childâ€™s skin sufficiently moisturized could require as much as 1-2 bottles of moisturizer per week. Adults will need even more.
1. NAIL EXTENSIONS (HANDS /FEET.)
ONE DAY COURSE. Using UV gels includes preparation and application for the tips and overlays, safe removal. Using UV gels on natural nails.
COST Rs: 4,500. THIS INCLUDES TIPS and GELS FOR PRACTICE.
2. WAX DEPILATION
ONE DAY COURSE. Covers treatments to the eye brows, lips, face, chin, underarms, abdomen, bikini line, legs and toes. Includes use of hot wax and hard wax. after care is covered. Separate men waxing and women waxing classes.
COST Rs: 4,000. We provide wax heaters for practice. Bring own knife /spatulas, wax strips. After care lotion available from SAMS.
3. BRAZILIAN (EXTENDED) BIKINI WAX CLASS FOR FEMALES ONLY.
4 hour-5 hour class, we will be demonstrating hard wax for the extended bikini area with time for practice, please bring own models for practice.
COST Rs: 3,000
4. Eyelash Perming
3 HOUR 30 MIN CLASS. A full eyelash perming is demonstrated including preparation and aftercare. Also covers information relating to the safe use of products, you will have time to practice . please bring model.
5. FACIAL ELECTRICALS
2 DAY COURSE. This course covers the safe and effective application of mechanical and electrical treatments for the face including galvanic, faradic, high frequency, micro current and vacuum suction.
COST Rs: 6,500 use our machines for practice.
6. LASH AND BROW TREATMENTS
Four hour class. Includes eye brow shaping, eyelash and eye brow tinting and application of false eye lashes.
COST Rs: 3,000 buy your kit for tinting or use ours for Rs: 400 extra bring own lashes or purchase at SAMS.
7. BODY ELECTRICALS
Two day course. Demonstration of facial and body electrical machines including G5,HIGH FREQUENCY,VACUUM SUCTION,FARADIC,GALVANIC,AND MICROCURRENT. Time for practice.
COST Rs: 7,000 use our machines for practice.
8. HOLLYWOOD LASHES.
Four hour course, teaches you how to safely put lash extensions on these can last up to 8 weeks, after care, product use. These are great to give length and thickness to the eyes and define the eyes.
COST Rs: 3,000 FOR PRACTICE YOU CAN PURCHASE EXTENSIONS FOR Rs: 600
9. MAKE UP COURSE (LEARN TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAKE UP ARTIST)
14 DAY COURSE .Covers different types of foundation/colour sticks, kryolan, basic mineral make up, basic camouflage, contouring, shading, highlighting to suit individuals face, blushers, lip colours how to apply lip line for different shape lips, corrective make up for faces, which are square, round, long etc, eye lash application, eye make ups including:
COST Rs:35,000 MUST purchase own make up and brushes/make up remover for practical
10. HAIR EXTENSIONS WORKSHOP
4 hours ,This will cover extensions for adding length, volume, thickness, coloured extensions, how to apply safely , product knowledge, how to remove safely ,after care advise, This class is demonstration only if you wish to practice then extensions and hot gun must be purchased and bring a model to come late in the afternoon for practice.
COST Rs: 3,500 if you purchase hot gun and extensions then class is for Rs: 2,000
Free class if re bonding kit is bought and hot iron, if not COST Rs: 1,500
12. HAIR STYLING COURSE.
7 DAY WORKSHOP 4 HOUR CLASS We will demonstrate the latest hairstyles in Europe for bridals /party/model wear, INCLUDING TRADITIONAL JOORAS,BUBBLES,SWISSROLL, FRENCH PLAITS,HAIR PIECES,BENDERS,ROLLAR SETTINGS, with chance for you to practice.
COST Rs: 12,000 (BRING MODEL LATE IN AFTERNOON) OR PRACTICE ON OWN DUMMY HEADS. FOR practice must use own benders rollers, tail comb, combs, pins, fancy pieces, hair padding, gels, mousse, hair spray etc.
13. HAIR CUTTING COURSE
14 DAY COURSE 4 HOURS A DAY We will include the latest cuts in Europe / UK as well as the traditional ones like forward cut, layers, bob, shaggy , mushroom, step, round, boy cuts, baby cuts, trimming.
COST Rs: 35,000 FOR practice must have own scissors, combs and razors, spray bottle, cutting apron you will need to bring models or practice on own dummy
14. HAIR FASHION 20 DAY COURSE
INCLUDING STREAKS, HIGH AND LOW LIGHTS, FASHION COLOURS.COVERING GREY HAIRS/METALIC HAIR.INCLUDES ROOT RETOUCHING, HAIR MEHNDI, STRAIGHTENING, PERMING, BLOW DRY, ROLLER SETTING, BENDERS, HAIR TREATMENTS, HEAD/SCALP MASSAGE.
COST Rs: 35,000
15. NAIL ART COURSE
1 DAY COURSE. Covers all aspect of nail art from beginners to advanced, how to do flowers, stripes, dots, applying stones, shapes, doing fancy art work, applying nail art stickers, stripes, foils.
COST Rs: 3,800
16. TEMPORARY GLITTER TATOOS AND AIR BRUSHING TATOOS WORKSHOP
4 HOUR WORKSHOP. This is latest craze in UK for adults men, women children, these tattoos last up to 3 to 5 days, and look fantastic on arms back, midriff, shoulders ,ankles, feet ,we have many designs to choose from these are not the stick on tattoos in shops! Our air brushing tattoos are applied with our compressed air machines .These are great additions to add in the wedding /party seasons or look fantastic on during the day, very glitzy! air brush tattoos look like the real thing! OUR glitters are safety tested for the skin.
COST Rs: 2,000
SELF GROOMING CLASSES 2 hours a day for 7 days, we cover skin care, hair care, day make-up, hair styles, grooming ,nail care.
COST Rs: 13,000
SELF GROOMING MAKE UP CLASS 2hours a day 7 days a week Rs: 13,000 covers day, party make up, different eye looks, choosing correct foundation, lip, blusher colors.
CLEANSE & MAKE UP FOR DAY EVENING 2hour 30minutes , learn how to care for your skin and apply makeup correctly, please bring your own make up colours you use, we will advise you appropriately what is best for you.
COST Rs: 3,500
MINERAL MAKE UP CLASSES 2 hours. Learn how to correctly apply mineral make up and shades for your skin, eyes, lips, blushers. We use pure mineral make up this is natural make up recommended by dermatologists worldwide, they are 100% pure minerals, no preservatives, no fragrance, SPF 15 broad spectrum UVA/UVB protection. It can be applied after waxing, Botox fillers, lasers it soothes and calms the skin. Virtually no allergy risk, water resistant, won crease or smear non comodogenic, good for sensitive skin, complete coverage for skin conditions like acne, eczema, pigmentation.
COST Rs: 2,600
CAMOFLAGE MAKE UP FOR SELF 1 hour learn how to cover any skin problems like acne, scars , blemishes, port wine stains, vitiligo ( white patches) on any part of your body. This is 48 hrs coverage, water-resistant, we will colour match for your skin.
COST Rs: 1,700
CAMOFLAGE MAKE UP FOR PROFESSIONAL USE. 4 hours, as above, but we will get some models to demonstrate, or bring your own to practice, you will be taught colour matching, how to apply correctly, fixing.
COST Rs: 3,800
BEAUTY CERTIFICATE COURSE 4 MONTHS 2- 2.5 HRS A DAY COST Rs: 100,000 COURSE COVERS:
HAIR CUTTING 2 WEEKS
HAIR STYLES 2 WEEKS
SKIN CARE 10 DAYS
MENS PROFESSIONAL GROOMING COURSE 2.5 -3HRS A DAY (5 DAYS) 10 WEEKS 67,000rs
Behet's disease is a chronic condition that causes canker sores or ulcers in the mouth and on the genitals, and inflammation in parts of the eye. In some people, the disease also results inÂ arthritisÂ (swollen, painful, stiff joints), skin problems, and inflammation of the digestive tract, brain, and spinal cord.
BehÃ§et's disease relatively rare in the United States. It is more common In Middle Eastern and Asian countries and is more likely to affect men than women. Behet's disease tends to develop in people in their 20's or 30's, but people of all ages can develop this disease.
The exact cause of BehÃ§et's disease is unknown.Â Most symptoms of the disease are caused by inflammation of the blood vessels. Inflammation is a characteristic reaction of the body to injury or disease and is marked by four signs:
It is thought that an autoimmune reaction may cause the blood vessels to become inflamed, but they do not know what triggers this reaction. Under normal conditions, the immune system protects the body from diseases and infections by killing harmful "foreign" substances, such as germs, that enter the body. In an autoimmune reaction, the immune system mistakenly attacks and harms the body's own tissues.
Behet's disease is not contagious.
What are the symptoms of BehÃ§et's disease?
Behet's disease affects each person differently. Some people have only mild symptoms, such as canker sores or ulcers in the mouth or on the genitals. Others have more severe signs, such as meningitis, which is an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can cause fever, a stiff neck, and headaches.
More severe symptoms usually appear months or years after a person notices the first signs of Behet's disease. Symptoms can last for a long time or may come and go in a few weeks.Â Typically, symptoms appear, disappear, and then reappear. The times when a person is having symptoms are called flares. Different symptoms may occur with each flare; the problems of the disease often do not occur together. To help the doctor diagnose Behet's disease and monitor its course, patients may want to keep a record of which symptoms occur and when. Because many conditions mimic BehÃ§et's disease, physicians must observe the lesions (injuries) caused by the disorder in order to make an accurate diagnosis.
The five most common symptoms of BehÃ§et's disease are mouth sores, genital sores, other skin lesions, inflammation of parts of the eye, and arthritis.
In addition to mouth and genital sores, other skin lesions, eye inflammation, and arthritis, Behet's disease may also cause blood clots, and inflammation in the central nervous system and digestive organs.
How is BehÃ§et's disease diagnosed?
Diagnosing BehÃ§et's disease is very difficult because no specific test confirms it. Less than half of patients initially thought to have BehÃ§et's disease actually have it. When a patient reports symptoms, the doctor must examine the patient and rule out other conditions with similar symptoms. Because it may take several months or even years for all the common symptoms to appear, the diagnosis may not be made for a long time. A patient may even visit several different kinds of doctors before the diagnosis is made.
These symptoms are key to a diagnosis of BehÃ§et's disease:
Besides finding these signs, the doctor must rule out other conditions with similar symptoms, such asÂ Crohn's diseaseÂ and reactive arthritis. The doctor also may recommend that the patient see an eye specialist to identify possible complications related to eye inflammation. A dermatologist may perform a biopsy of mouth, genital, or skin lesions to help distinguish BehÃ§et's from other disorders.
How is BehÃ§et's disease treated?
Although there is no cure for BehÃ§et's disease, people usually can control symptoms with proper medication, rest, exercise, and a healthy lifestyle.Â The goal of treatment is to reduce discomfort and prevent serious complications such as disability from arthritis or blindness. The type of medicine and the length of treatment depend on the person's symptoms and their severity.
It is likely that a combination of treatments will be needed to relieve specific symptoms. Patients should tell each of their doctors about all of the medicines they are taking so that the doctors can coordinate treatment.
Topical medicine is applied directly on the sores to relieve pain and discomfort. For example, doctors prescribe rinses, gels, or ointments. Creams are used to treat skin and genital sores. The medicine usually containsÂ corticosteroidsÂ (which reduce inflammation), other anti-inflammatory drugs, or an anesthetic, which relieves pain.
Doctors also prescribe medicines taken by mouth to reduce inflammation throughout the body, suppress the overactive immune system, and relieve symptoms. Doctors may prescribe one or more of the medicines described below to treat the various symptoms of BehÃ§et's disease.
Doctors may use one or more of the following immunosuppressive drugs depending on the person's specific symptoms.
If these medicines do not reduce the symptoms, doctors may use other drugs such as methotrexate. Methotrexate (Rheumatrex,Trexall), which is also used to treat various kinds of cancer as well as rheumatoid arthritis, can relieve BehÃ§et's symptoms because it suppresses the immune system and reduces inflammation throughout the body.
Rest and exercise
Although rest is important during flares, doctors usually recommend moderate exercise, such as swimming or walking, when the symptoms have improved or disappeared. Exercise can help people with BehÃ§et's disease keep their joints strong and flexible.
What is the prognosis for a person with BehÃ§et's disease?
Most people with BehÃ§et's disease can lead productive lives and control symptoms with proper medicine, rest, and exercise. Doctors can use many medicines to relieve pain, treat symptoms, and prevent complications. When treatment is effective, flares usually become less frequent. Many patients eventually enter a period of remission (a disappearance of symptoms). In some people, treatment does not relieve symptoms, and gradually more serious symptoms such as eye disease may occur. Serious symptoms may appear months or years after the first signs of BehÃ§et's disease
Tip of the day >>A dash of cider vinegar added to a foot soak will help eliminate itching and athletes foot, dry well especially between the toes and rather than using talcum powder dry off with surgical spirit.
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