Aging Skin Animation

View the Aging Skin Animation from explains how skin ages, what you can do to slow down the aging process and steps that can be take to reduce the signs of aging. 

If you have maintained a good skin care routine and avoided substantial sun exposure, your skin should look and feel beautiful in your twenties and your thirties.Aging Skin

By the time you reach your thirties, collagen and elastin fibers begin to decrease slightly. As a result, the first signs of aging may start to appear as fine lines and wrinkles around your eyes and mouth. You may also experience a slight change in skin texture, and a decrease in your skin"s overall moisture content.

By your forties and fifties, the effects of long-term sun exposure, repetitive facial expressions, and the normal aging process start to accumulate. The fine lines around your eyes and mouth deepen and forehead lines and glabellar creases may begin to appear. Age spots (lentigines) and other pigmentation irregularities generally start to appear in sun-exposed areas.

Using a daily moisturizer with sunscreen and continuing to exfoliate will help keep your skin looking radiant.Aging Skin Changes

If you are looking to improve the texture of your skin, ask your doctor about a prescription medication, such as a topical retinoid (Renova®) that can help with fine wrinkling or simple in office procedures like superficial chemical peels or microdermabrasion. Men and women who are looking for more rapid and dramatic results may be interested in botulinum toxin injections (Botox Cosmetic®, Dysport®). Dermal fillers such as Juvederm® or Restylane® can also help to reduce the appearance of deeper wrinkles. Additionally, chemical peels, intense pulsed light therapy, and laser resurfacing may help to improve your skin tone and texture and increase collagen production.



Aging Skin Basics


As our bodies age, the appearance and physical qualities of our skin change.Aging Skin on Hands

Over time, the skin loses its underlying layers of fat, and the production of collagen and elastin fibers slows. As a result, the skin loses its fullness and starts to sag.

Aging skin has the following qualities:

  • It becomes thinner.

  • It develops fine lines and wrinkles.

  • It develops darkened spots called lentigines.

  • It becomes drier and susceptible to itching

  • It loses underlying fat, leading to hollowed areas near the eyes and cheeks. This loss of fat also causes tendons and blood vessels in the hands to become more noticeable.

  • Hair loses pigment and turns gray or white hairs.

This change is slow and continuous, starting in our twenties. The pace of aging is due to a combination of genes (our inherited tendency) and external factors, such as exposure to sunlight and its ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and smoking.Aging Skin on Hand

Just a few minutes of sun exposure each day can cause noticeable changes to the skin over time. The term "photoaging" is used to describe this sun-related skin damage. In sunny climates, photoaging may be seen in people as early as in their twenties.

To minimize the premature aging of the skin, practice sun protection habits. And, if you are a smoker, you may see improvement in your skin after quitting, even if you have smoked for many years.

Aging skin should be examined regularly for precancerous and cancerous lesions. Doing this at home is referred to as a skin self-exam.

Treatments for aging skin

If you are bothered by visible signs of aging, there are a variety of treatments available to improve damaged skin:

  • Dermal fillers, or soft-tissue fillers, can be injected into the skin to fill out areas that look hollowed or wrinkled.

  • Botox is a purified form of botulinum toxin that is injected into targeted facial muscles to prevent and correct wrinkles and other damage related to certain facial expressions (such as squinting or frowning).

  • Dermabrasion is a common treatment in which the top layer of skin is abraded so that a new, smoother layer grows in its place. It’s used for many skin conditions, including acne, skin cancer, and photoaging.  

  • Chemical peels have many dermatological uses, including the treatment of wrinkles, age spots, and scars; a chemical solution is carefully applied to the skin to remove damaged outer layers, leaving smoother contours and an improved appearance.

  • Laser resurfacing helps correct wrinkles and age spots through use of a laser that vaporizes damaged skin tissue.

  • Unwanted hair can be removed through one or more methods, including waxing, chemical depilation, electrolysis, or laser removal; for best results, all methods should be performed or supervised by an experienced dermatologist. 

  • Liposuction is a way to reduce visible effects of aging by vaporizing and removing unwanted fat deposits that don’t respond to diet or exercise. Common target areas include the face, chin, neck, hips, and buttocks. 

  • Microdermabrasion gently scrapes away damaged and aging skin to trigger the growth of new layers.

  • Topical medications, such as topical retinoids, have been shown to reduce fine wrinkles, splotchy darkened areas, and signs of chronic sun exposure.

  • Over-the-counter products, such as moisturizers and "cosmeceuticals," products containing agents designed to reduce the signs of aging, such as alpha-hydroxy acids or antioxidants.

These may be used alone or in combination for a more complete skin care regimen.

In helping you evaluate your treatment options, your physician will consider these factors:

  • Areas to be treated

  • Darkness of your skin

  • Results of past treatments

Personal preferences


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